Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. The Effects of Climate Change Future Effects. This is because air pollution from fossil fuel burning is a slow and invisible cause of painful respiratory disease and death. A 40 percent extinction rate would likely lead to major changes in the food webs within ecosystems and have a destructive impact on ecosystem function. When you sign up you'll become a member of NRDC's Activist Network. Global warming has led to an incredible increase in earth’s temperature. The current geographic ranges of plant and animal species have been established by adaptation to long-term seasonal climate patterns. Ground-level ozone is the main component of smog, and the hotter things get, the more of it we have. The IPCC AR5 presents a strong body of scientific evidence that most of the global warming observed over the past half century is very likely due to human-caused greenhouse … A warmer, wetter world is also a boon for food-borne and waterborne illnesses and disease-carrying insects such as mosquitoes, fleas, and ticks. (And yes, it's really happening.) It's a threat that impacts all of us—especially children, the elderly, low-income … The increased number of factories and automobiles increases the amount of these gases in the atmosphere. This warming is altering the earth's climate system, including its land, atmosphere, oceans, and ice, in far-reaching ways. In many cases a combination of stresses caused by climate change as well as human activity represents a considerably greater threat than either climatic stresses or nonclimatic stresses alone. Warmer climates also open up land for agricultural use in areas that were previously too cold for farming. Learn how global warming affects the migratory pattern of birds. We've already taken care of that by pumping a century's worth of pollution into the air nearly unchecked. Initially, the rise in sea level would only be an inch or two. According to the National Climate Assessment, human influences are the number one cause of global warming, especially the carbon pollution we cause by burning fossil fuels and the pollution-capturing we prevent by destroying forests. In high-latitude ecosystems, changes in the seasonal patterns of sea ice threaten predators such as polar bears and walruses; both species rely on broken sea ice for their hunting activities. The greenhouse gases never let the radiations to escape from the earth and increase the surface temperature of the earth. Global warming is likely to have a mixed impact on agriculture. Academic researchers, NASA and NOAA scientists, and the international scientific community through the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have linked global warming to various potential consequences, including sea level rise and increased storms, droughts, and wildfires. This includes mountain glaciers, ice sheets … For context, each year from 1980 to 2015 averaged $5.2 billion in disasters (adjusted for inflation). By embracing green infrastructure, these urban areas have a solid defense against increased drought or flood. And yet many still face "increased extinction risk due to climate change."   Indeed, as of 2015, acidification is believed to have cost the Pacific Northwest oyster industry nearly $110 million. An immediate result of melting glaciers would be a rise in sea levels. 2. Higher death rates. Ongoing effects include rising sea levels due to thermal expansion and melting of glaciers and ice sheets, and warming of the ocean surface, leading to increased temperature stratification. The temperature is reacting to the greenhouse gases that have already been emitted. Global warming, scientists say, is responsible not only for shrinking ice caps but also for a surge in extreme weather that is causing heat waves, forest fires, and droughts. Ask your local leaders these five questions. Following are the major effects of global warming: Rise in Temperature. More specifically, changes to near-surface air temperatures will likely influence ecosystem functioning and thus the biodiversity of plants, animals, and other forms of life. In some of these areas the impact of warming temperatures is already evident. This then leads to global warming.Also Read: Our Environment Higher temperatures are worsening many types of disasters, including storms, heat waves, floods, and droughts. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's, aggressively reducing our global emissions, Valley Fever Spreads in California as Winter Rainstorms Intensify and Summers Heat Up, As Temperatures Soar in India, One City’s Efforts Are Saving Lives, In Hundreds of Vintage Postcards, Americana Meets the Apocalypse, 6 Cities That Are Ready for Climate Change, Climate Change May Bring the Nassau Grouper’s Moonlit Orgies to an End, In a New Doc, Leonardo DiCaprio Gives Us a Tour of Our Warming World, These Tiny Maps Tell the Big Climate Story, 5 Ways City Dwellers Can Spur Climate Action. These gases must be absorbed from the atmosphere and put back into the ground to stop the effects of climate change. By 2100, it's estimated our oceans will be one to four feet higher, threatening coastal systems and low-lying areas, including entire island nations and the world's largest cities, including New York, Los Angeles, and Miami as well as Mumbai, Sydney, and Rio de Janeiro. Scientists are documenting the effects of such climate-related shifts, which largely stem from global warming caused by humans and are already affecting daily life . Today's scientists point to climate change as "the biggest global health threat of the 21st century."
2020 consequences of global warming