The Canadian health care system is publicly funded and consists of five general groups: the provincial and territorial governments, the federal government, physicians, nurses and allied health care professionals. An organisation cannot build a good team of working professionals without good Human Resources. Due to their obvious and important differences, it is imperative that human capital is handled and managed very differently from physical capital [1]. This has led to a surplus of physicians and unemployment for physicians has become a serious problem. The Senate of the Government of Canada. This is one of the major responsibilities of the human … The health care system in the United States is currently plagued by three major challenges. To facilitate this vision, employee services such as child care and wellness were expanded [20]. Importance of Human Resource Management. In Germany, where there is currently an oversupply of physicians, a move towards a more global approach to health care delivery, through increased trade agreements, could result in even more German health care professionals' leaving the country. Various unit-based training functions were merged into a single unit, which defined critical technical and behavioral competencies [20]. The workers are generally enticed to leave their birth country by generous incentive offers from the recruiting countries [29]. The federal government has other responsibilities, including setting national health care standards and ensuring that standards are enforced by legislative acts such as the Canada Health Act (CHA) [5]. Due to this competition, many younger physicians currently face unemployment., DOI: One tier of the proposed new system would be entirely government-funded through tax dollars and would serve the same purpose as the current publicly-funded system. This paper addresses the health care system from a global perspective and the importance of human resources management (HRM) in improving overall patient health outcomes and delivery of health care services. The organizational administrators recognized that a cultural reformation was needed to meet these new challenges. The physical health of many Americans is compromised because these factors make it difficult for individuals to receive proper consultation and treatment from physicians. It is essential that human resources personnel consider the composition of the health workforce in terms of both skill categories and training levels [2]. Table 2 summarizes some of the implications for health care professionals with regard to the five main issues raised in the article. Without a proper functioning human resource department, a company would fail to achieve a high level of efficiency and workforce management. For many reasons, medical personnel and resources may not be available or accessible for such residents. Recruitment and Training. In 2003, about 11.1% of Germany's gross domestic product (GDP) went into the health care system [23] versus the United States, with 15% [24] and Canada at 9.9% [25]. It is also essential that cultural and geographical factors be considered when examining global health care systems. The migration of health care workers is an issue that arises when examining global health care systems. Professionals tend to migrate to areas where they believe their work will be more thoroughly rewarded. Correspondence to It is fascinating that human resource management activities were observed as early as 2000 B.C. The aim of the paper is to review this diverse literature, and to derive human resource (HR) implications for healthcare researchers, policy makers and managers., – Recent reviews of the human resource management and … HMOs use "networks" of selected doctors, hospitals, clinics and other health care providers that together provide comprehensive health services to the HMOs members [16]. Human Resources for Health. Health Systems: Improving Performance. Human resources in health sector reform also seek to improve the quality of services and patients' satisfaction. Design recruitment and training: They are significant because they cull the right … Title: Microsoft Word - Single File-AJMSE 3_1_ Jan 2014 Papers _1-12_ Author: moon Created Date: 1/16/2014 4:41:49 PM Our research and analysis have indicated that several key questions must be addressed and that human resources management can and must play an essential role in health care sector reform. Many immigrants cannot afford the costs of retraining and may be forced to find a new job in a completely unrelated field, leaving their skills to go to waste [32]. The federal government demonstrates its financial commitment to Canada's human resources in health care by pledging transfer funds to the provinces and direct funding for various areas. It also shows how the financial resources to purchase these inputs are of both a capital investment and a recurrent character. Germany. Technical quality refers to the impact that the health services available can have on the health conditions of a population [3]. Resource management is the process of planning, scheduling, and allocating resources in the best possible way. In most Canadian health care organizations, nurses manage both patient care and patient care units within the organization. There appears to be a large discrepancy between the care patients should be receiving and the care they are actually getting. This is a function within an organisation concentrated on recruiting, managing and directing people who work in it. 2005, Toronto, ON, [], Canadian Health Coalition: The History of Medicare Shows that Canadians Can Do It. 2006, Ottawa, ON, [], Hannah KJ: Health informatics and nursing in Canada. All five issues raised in this research would be affected by the increase in international trade agreements that included health care. Those Americans without health care insurance receive less care, receive care later and are, on average, less healthy and less able to function in their daily lives than those who have health care insurance. This difference is also known as the "wage premium" [29]. In particular, a country such as the United States that has a strong, private, for-profit approach already in place would likely be the source from which the health care models would be drawn. Rather than being financed solely through taxes, the system is covered mostly by health care premiums [22]. Report from the National Coalition on Health Care. Recently the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care announced funding for additional nurse practitioner positions within communities. The relationship between human resources and health care is very complex, and it merits further examination and study. [], Gupta N, Zurn P, Diallo K, Dal Poz MR: Uses of population census data for monitoring geographical imbalance in the health workforce: snapshots from three developing countries. In order to have a more global context, we examined the health care systems of Canada, the United States of America, Germany and various developing countries. One of the initiatives made by human resources professionals in an attempt to improve the overall standard of care in the hospital was to examine and shape the organization's corporate culture. For medical professionals, the appeal of promotions also serves as an incentive for educating oneself further [30]. This paper discusses the major trends in scholarship about the role of HRM in strategic management, the migration of health workers, human resource professionals' attempt to deliver high-quality health care to citizens, and the importance of human resources in the health care industry. The human resource management is a common term that is heard amongst professionals. Source: World Health Report 2000 Figure 4.1 pg.75. Performance management: The vision was to hold all faculty and staff accountable and to reward individual and team performance. One of the main implications of this paper, as shown in Table 2, is that HRP will have a vital role in addressing all the factors identified. In publicly-funded systems, expenditures in this area can affect the ability to hire and sustain effective practitioners. Ottawa, ON, [], Canadian Nurses Association: Succession Planning for Nursing Leadership. Let’s start with a simple definition of resource management. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. By using this website, you agree to our Stefane M Kabene. These compelling reasons tend to cause medical professionals to leave their less-affluent and less-developed areas and migrate to areas that can provide them with better opportunities. This term takes on a key part in the success of any system. Barney J: Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage. Using the NAFTA as an example, if health care is included, governments could not treat domestic providers more favorably than foreign firms wanting to deliver services. Strategies aimed at promoting equity in relation to needs require more systematic planning of health services [3]. the organization understands what is important to patients and how to best serve them, HR can build patient care improvement into every aspect of the organization. This clearly demonstrates the Germans' strength regarding cost containment.
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