[158], In North America, mythological descriptions of the cougar have appeared in the stories of the Hocąk language ("Ho-Chunk" or "Winnebago") of Wisconsin and Illinois[159] and the Cheyenne, amongst others. Mule vs. Mountain Lion Photographs show a mule shaking a dead mountain lion, not actually attacking and killing the big cat. In professional hockey, the cougar was used by two mid-western teams and one northwestern team. A mountain lion pounced on a Colorado deputy who responded to a report of the animal attacking a civilian, dramatic video shows. DNA analysis revealed that it was from a female genetically similar to South Dakota cougars. [100] Other listed prey species of the cougar include mice, porcupines, beavers, raccoons, hares, guanaco, peccary, vicuna, rhea, and wild turkey. There have been unconfirmed sightings in Elliotsville Plantation, Maine (north of Monson) and as early as 1997 in New Hampshire. Mountain Lion is $19.99 plus tax. [20] Following this research, the authors of Mammal Species of the World recognized the following six subspecies in 2005:[2], In 2006, the Florida panther was still referred to as a distinct subspecies P. c. coryi in research works. [99], In the Central and South American cougar range, the ratio of deer in the diet declines. The northernmost reach of their range is the Canadian Yukon. [33] Newborn cougars have spots that fade and eventually disappear by the age of 2 1/2 years. There have sometimes been incidents of pet cougars mauling people. Behavior of the Mountain Lion. Its range spans 110 degrees of latitude, from the northern Yukon Territory in Canada to the southern Andes. Clothing: Grey T-Shirt, Tan Khakis, Grey Sneakers. Unlike several subordinate predators from other ecosystems, cougars do not appear to take advantage of spatial or temporal refuges to avoid their competitors. They vary in size and weight, with males reaching up to 200 pounds and eight feet in length (one-third of their length is the tail). Scrape marks, urine, and feces are used to mark territory and attract mates. They live in deserts, mountains, lowlands, mangrove forests, deciduous forests, canyons, prairies, and more. [139] The nineteenth century naturalists Félix de Azara[140] and William Henry Hudson[141] thought that attacks on people, even children or sleeping adults, did not happen. [19][20], Following Linnaeus' first scientific description of the cougar, 32 cougar zoological specimens were described and proposed as subspecies until the late 1980s. [84] Although cougars can kill coyotes, the latter have been documented attempting to prey on cougar cubs. By the time they are three months old, the kittens will begin to eat meat and stop drinking milk. Heres some great footage of a mountain lion straying too close to a backyard with some dogs in it! [24], The head of the cat is round and the ears are erect. Bobcat lives in Forest. [36] On average, adult male cougars in British Columbia weigh 56.7 kg (125 lb) and adult females 45.4 kg (100 lb), though several male cougars in British Columbia weighed between 86.4 and 95.5 kg (190 and 211 lb). The size of the tooth puncture marks also helps distinguish kills made by cougars from those made by smaller predators. Since then there have been at least eight additional confirmed sightings in the state; all were immediately east of the Tennessee River in Middle Tennessee: initially in Humphreys county and on September 4, 2016, further south in Wayne county. [26], Cougars are slender and agile members of the Felidae. Cougar and mountain lion could be confusing, especially in referring to them. Like other cats, it is an obligate carnivore, meaning it must feed on meat to survive. [1], The cougar is listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List since 2008. The mountain lion thinks the human is a predator after her cubs. Until 2011, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) recognized both an Eastern cougar (claimed to be a subspecies by some, denied by others)[117][118] and the Florida panther, affording protection under the Endangered Species Act. [35], Investigations at Yellowstone National Park showed that elk, followed by mule deer, were the cougar's primary targets; the prey base is shared with the park's gray wolves, with which the cougar competes for resources. [33] Females are sometimes reported as monogamous,[105] but this is uncertain and polygyny may be more common. Game animals and shooting in North America. In some areas, hunting these cats is legal, and in other areas, more indirect factors impact them. The cougar (Puma concolor) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae. The cougar is the second-largest cat in the New World after the jaguar. It is native to the Americas. [1] While specific state and provincial statistics are often available in North America, much less is known about the cat in its southern range. The gestation period is approximately three months, and the female takes the sole responsibility of rearing the young. Their top running speed is 50 mph (80 kph). This may save the lives of humans, pets, and livestock as well as the lives of these large predatory mammals that are important to the balance of ecosystems. For other uses, see. Males may scrape together a small pile of leaves and grasses and then urinate on it as a way of marking territory. The cougar is capable of breaking the neck of some of its smaller prey with a strong bite and momentum bearing the animal to the ground. Jaguars also have the most powerful bites in the entire cat family and scores 1200 psi. In a 2013 study the most important predictor of puma problems were remedial hunting of puma the previous year. And panther is a general term for cats that have solid-colored coats, so it was used for pumas as well as black jaguars. Mountain Lion vs Bobcat — Know the Difference - Capitola-Soquel, CA - A mountain lion got stuck in downtown Santa Cruz Thursday morning. Litter size is between one and six cubs; typically two. Claw incisions, which severed a jugular vein, indicated that the attacker was a felid; differential diagnosis ruled out other possible perpetrators. Comparison of strength: A jaguar can leap upto 10 feet in the air. Highways are a major barrier for dispersal of cougars. [136][137], Research on new wildlife collars may be able to reduce human-animal conflicts by predicting when and where predatory animals hunt. [101] Birds and small reptiles are sometimes preyed upon in the south, but this is rarely recorded in North America. A previously existing "Carolina" sports team, the Carolina Cougars, who operated in the American Basketball Association from 1969 to 1974, actually used the cougar as its nickname/mascot, as opposed to the panther. Some instances of surplus killing have resulted in the deaths of 20 sheep in one attack. Deforestation and habitat destruction pose a problem, because these cats thrive in areas where they can ambush their prey. In zoos, these cats can nearly double their life expectancy. One study has shown high mortality amongst cougars that travel farthest from the maternal range, often due to conflicts with other cougars (intraspecific competition). Therefore, a proper understanding is necessary about these names and the differences between them would be important to be aware of if there are any. Female mountain lions will usually only reproduce once every two or three years. … Which is more powerful Cougar or Jaguar? The Detroit Cougars were actually related to the Victoria Cougars of the Western Hockey League, which had won the Stanley Cup in 1925, in that when the Victoria Cougars, which had operated as the Aristocrats from 1918 to 1922 and as the Cougars from 1922 to 1926, disbanded in 1926, the owners of the newly formed Detroit club purchased the rights to many of the players of the Victoria club and retained the Cougar nickname. In particular, the North American cougar is considered to have been mostly extirpated in eastern North America (the population referred to as the eastern cougar) in the beginning of the 20th century, except for the isolated Florida panther subpopulation. In some regions they considered the cat a harbinger of death, while in others they regarded it as a deity or sacred animal. This article intends to emphasize the differences between these two fascinating carnivores. There have been widely debated reports of possible recolonization of eastern North America. [65] California has actively sought to protect the cat and has an estimated population of 4,000 to 6,000. [35] However, a study by Gutiérrez-González and López-González showed that the cougar and jaguar in Central or North America may share the same prey, depending on its abundance. The distribution and other characteristics are also important to distinguish them separately. [40] Compared to "big cats", cougars are often silent with minimal communication through vocalizations outside of the mother-offspring relationship. [20], A coprolite identified as from a cougar was excavated in Argentina's Catamarca Province and dated to 17,002–16,573 years old. ", "Observatory: When Mountain Lions Hunt, They Prey on the Weak", "British Columbia cougars found to prey on seals, sea lions", "Jaguar interactions with pumas and prey at the northern edge of jaguars' range", "Tracking Penguins in Patagonia's Monte León National Park", 10.1894/0038-4909(2005)050[0466:SBIP]2.0.CO;2, "A technique for non-invasively detecting stress response in cougars", 10.2193/0091-7648(2004)032[0711:ATFNDS]2.0.CO;2, "Cameras Reveal the Secret Lives of a Mountain Lion Family – Sharon Negri (2013)", "Epidemiology, Genetic Diversity, and Evolution of Endemic Feline Immunodeficiency Virus in a Population of Wild Cougars", "Adaptive social strategies in a solitary carnivore", "Behavior of cougar in Iowa and the Midwest", "Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. The University of Pittsburgh in western Pennsylvania also uses the cougar as its sports mascot and for many other clubs and organizations, but also uses the locally preferred name, "panther", corresponding to nearby geographic features Panther Hollow and Panther Hollow Lake which were named that by 1885, 24 years before the University selected the name for its teams. [127] The non-profit organization Balanced Ecology Inc. launched the Texas Mountain Lion Conservation Project in 2009. The indigenous people of North, Central, and South America, revere and respect these powerful cats. [96], A successful generalist predator, the cougar will eat any animal it can catch, from insects to large ungulates (over 500 kg (1,100 lb)). [98], In Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, scat samples showed raccoons to make up 28% of the cougar's diet, harbor seals and blacktail deer 24% each, North American river otters 10%, California sea lion 7%, and American mink 4%; the remaining 3% were unidentified. Oregon's first fatal cougar attack in the wild claims hiker near Mount Hood, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cougar&oldid=991818300, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Extant Middle Pleistocene first appearances, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cougar range (without recent confirmations across northern Canadian states and Alaska), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 23:59. [138], Pumas in the Southern cone of America – often called Argentine cougars by North Americans – are reputed to be extremely reluctant to attack man; in legend, they defended people against jaguars. [4] In 1774, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon converted cuguacu ara to cuguar, which was later modified to "cougar" in English. [33] Cougars may live as long as 20 years in captivity. Their range stretches from Canada all the way to South America. Interactions between mountain lions and humans negatively impact both. Also referred to as cougar, puma, catamount and panther, mountain lions thrive in many habitats. They are also known as cougars, pumas, panthers, and catamounts. [54], On April 14, 2008, police fatally shot a cougar on the north side of Chicago, Illinois. A current form in Brazil is suçuarana. Upgrading to Mountain Lion. They have a puma-like long body (proportional to the limbs, but nevertheless shorter than either parent), but short legs. [50] The Quebec wildlife services also considers cougars to be present in the province as a threatened species after multiple DNA tests confirmed cougar hair in lynx mating sites. [89] The jaguar tends to take the larger prey where ranges overlap, reducing both the cougar's potential size and the likelihood of direct competition between the two cats. [35] The largest recorded cougar, shot in 1901, weighed 105.2 kg (232 lb); claims of 125.2 kg (276 lb) and 118 kg (260 lb) have been reported, though they were most likely exaggerated. Competition with the larger jaguar in South America has been suggested for the decline in the size of prey items. Save for Florida, humans have removed them from the vast majority of the eastern United States and Canada. The coat is typically tawny like that of the lion, which is why it was initially called the "mountain lion",[33] but it otherwise ranges from silvery-grey or reddish with lighter patches on the underbody, including the jaws, chin, and throat. The first use of puma in English dates to 1777, introduced from Spanish, and prior from the Quechua language in the 16th century, where it means "powerful". [35] Its most important prey species are various deer species, particularly in North America; mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, and even bull moose are taken. It also hunts species as small as insects and rodents. There haven’t been any cougars in Tennessee since the early 1900s.Similar to Tennessee’s wild elk and buffalo, the cougar was extirpated from the state around the early 1900s due to overhunting and habitat loss.
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