There is access during daylight hours by the Dominion Post Ferry. Wellington is home to BATS Theatre, Circa Theatre, the National Maori Theatre company Taki Rua, Whitireia Performance Centre, National Dance & Drama School Toi Whakaari and the National Theatre for Children at Capital E in Civic Square. The city is home to experimental arts publication White Fungus. The 1996-restored Government Buildings[44] near Parliament is the largest wooden building in the Southern Hemisphere. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. The area has high seismic activity even by New Zealand standards, with a major fault, the Wellington Fault, running through the centre of the city and several others nearby. Lovingly crafted, artisanal, hand made single-origin and inclusion chocolate the heart of Wellington. Coco is one of those hidden gem stores that you need to seek out. The oldest building is the 1858 Colonial Cottage in Mount Cook. Breddegrad af Wellington er -41.3 og længden af Wellington er 174.78, hvis du vil se breddegrad og længdegrad af andet sted bare søge efter det her. The 1840 settlers constructed their first homes at Petone (which they called Britannia for a time) on the flat area at the mouth of the Hutt River. Described by Lonely Planet in 2013 as "the coolest little capital in the world",[5][9] the global city[10][11] has grown from a bustling Māori settlement, to a remote colonial outpost, and from there to an Australasian capital experiencing a "remarkable creative resurgence". We are New Zealand’s top-ranked university for research intensity and consistently rank among the world’s best universities in the QS World Rankings. 24 festive doorways are waiting to be opened! Watch the video. [77] In the middle of 2009 house prices had dropped, interest rates were low, and buy-to-let property investment was again looking attractive, particularly in the Lambton precinct, according to these two reporters. Wellington's transport network includes train and bus lines which reach as far as the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa, and ferries connect the city to the South Island. [21], Wellington and its environs have been occupied by various Māori groups from the 12th century. Road access into the capital is constrained by the mountainous terrain – between Wellington and the Kapiti Coast, SH 1 travels along the Centennial Highway, a narrow section of road, and between Wellington and Wairarapa SH 2 transverses the Rimutaka Ranges on a similar narrow winding road. The trolleybus network was the last public system of its kind in the southern hemisphere. There is a network of bush walks and reserves maintained by the Wellington City Council and local volunteers. Wellington Botanic Garden. [51] At 2:31 pm on Friday 16 August 2013 the Lake Grassmere earthquake struck, this time magnitude 6.6, but again no major damage occurred, though many buildings were evacuated. Sleigh what?! The four urban areas combined had a usual resident population of 401,850 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 26,307 people (7.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 42,726 people (11.9%) since the 2006 census. 14. While the student body was primarily New Zealanders of European descent, 1,713 were Maori, 1,024 were Pacific students, 2,765 were international students. Then that trend reversed and yields slowly began improving," according to two The New Zealand Herald reporters writing in May 2009. The remaining areas are largely mountainous and sparsely farmed or parkland and are outside the urban area boundary. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed. The port handles approximately 10.5 million tonnes of cargo on an annual basis,[82] importing petroleum products, motor vehicles, minerals and exporting meats, wood products, dairy products, wool, and fruit. The capital city is also the location of the highest court, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, and the historic former High Court building (opened 1881) has been enlarged and restored for its use. It is also the country's cultural capital and the third most populous urban area in New Zealand. Thus the Wellington settlement preceded the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (on 6 February 1840). It was named in November 1840 by the original settlers of the New Zealand Company on the suggestion of the directors of the same, in recognition of the Duke's strong support for the company's principles of colonisation and his "strenuous and successful defence against its enemies of the measure for colonising South Australia". The legendary Polynesian explorer Kupe, a chief from Hawaiki (the homeland of Polynesian explorers, of unconfirmed geographical location, not to be confused with Hawaii), was said to have stayed in the harbour from c. See all the latest news. [52] On Monday 20 January 2014 at 3:52 pm a rolling 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the lower North Island 15 km east of Eketahuna and was felt in Wellington, but little damage was reported initially, except at Wellington Airport where one of the two giant eagle sculptures commemorating The Hobbit became detached from the ceiling. [100], Popular tourist attractions include Wellington Museum, Wellington Zoo, Zealandia and Wellington Cable Car. All electorates are held by the governing Labour Party. From 1936 to 1992 Wellington was home to the National Art Gallery of New Zealand, when it was amalgamated into Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. The suburb of Newtown lies in the southern part of Wellington in New Zealand.It lies east of Vogeltown, between Mount Cook and Berhampore.The main thoroughfares of Newtown are Riddiford St, leading from Mount Cook to Berhampore and Melrose, and Constable St, leading from Newtown to Kilbirnie.. Until October 2017 there were nine trolleybus routes, all other buses running on diesel. Much of this land was subsequently reclaimed and is now part of the central business district. At that time, the population of Wellington was just 4,900.[29]. [25] The migrating groups were Ngāti Toa, which came from Kāwhia, Ngāti Rangatahi, from near Taumarunui, and Te Atiawa, Ngāti Tama, Ngāti Mutunga, Taranaki and Ngāti Ruanui from Taranaki. [37] The city is notorious for its southerly blasts in winter, which may make the temperature feel much colder. Discover all the best in both international designers and Australian brands when you choose to shop, the David Jones Wellington store. It is the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Find out more about Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand’s globally ranked capital city university, and all that it has to offer. [120], Massey University has a Wellington campus known as the "creative campus" and offers courses in communication and business, engineering and technology, health and well-being, and creative arts. It has been used as a quarantine station for people and animals, and was an internment camp during World War I and World War II. Bekannte Sehenswürdigkeiten sind das ältere neuseeländischen Parlamentsgebäude und das 1979 fertiggestellte Regierungsgebäude, Beehive (Bienenstock) genannt, in dem der Prime Minister und die Minister des Kabinetts ihre Büros haben und das Kabinett tagt; das historische Wellington Cable Car und der dadurch an die City angeschlossene Botanische Garten mitsamt Aussichtspunkt oberhalb der Victoria University of Wellington; das Old Government Building als größtes Holzgebäude der Südhalbkugel(heut… The largest international visitor market is Australia, with over 210,000 visitors spending approximately NZ$334 million annually. It is serviced by flights from across New Zealand, Australia, Singapore and Fiji. Discover the city’s Maori roots at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the Museum of New Zealand. [125][126], Wellington's first public electricity supply was established in 1904, alongside the introduction of electric trams, and was originally supplied at 105 volts 80 hertz. It is also covered by three Māori electorates: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti, Te Tai Hauāuru, and Te Tai Tonga. Inhabitants, particularly in high-rise buildings, typically notice several earthquakes every year. [124], Wellington International Airport is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) south-east of the city centre. A modernist building housing the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa lies on the waterfront, on Cable Street. The university has 1,930 full-time employees. Local ferries connect Wellington city centre with Eastbourne and Seatoun. [93] There are approximately 540,000 international visitors each year, who spend 3.7 million nights and NZ$436 million. [19], The city's location close to the mouth of the narrow Cook Strait leaves it vulnerable to strong gales, leading to the nickname of "Windy Wellington". Wellington is twinned with the following cities:[137], It also has historical ties with Chania, Greece; Harrogate, England; and Çanakkale, Turkey. Wellington is home to groups that perform improvised theatre and improvisational comedy, including Wellington Improvisation Troupe (WIT), The Improvisors and youth group Joe Improv. Wellington is primarily surrounded by water, but some of the nearby locations are listed below. Stocking hard-to-find labels from New Zealand and beyond, this high-end boutique on Willis Street is the perfect place to find a special occasion outfit. Four electrified suburban lines radiate from Wellington railway station to the outer suburbs to the north of Wellington – the Johnsonville Line through the hillside suburbs north of central Wellington; the Kapiti Line along the NIMT to Waikanae on the Kapiti Coast via Porirua and Paraparaumu; the Melling Line to Lower Hutt via Petone; and the Hutt Valley Line along the Wairarapa Line via Waterloo and Taitā to Upper Hutt. [49] It releases as much energy as a magnitude 7 quake, but as it happens slowly there is no damage. Approximately 62,000 people work in the CBD, only 4,000 fewer than work in Auckland's CBD, despite that city having four times the population. [53][54], At two minutes after midnight on Monday 14 November 2016, the 7.8 magnitude Kaikoura earthquake, which was centred between Culverden and Kaikoura in the South Island, caused the Wellington CBD, Victoria University of Wellington, and the Wellington suburban rail network to be largely closed for the day to allow inspections. Result: New Zealand was the first self-governing country … [78] The large majority (88%) did not have children in their apartments; 39% were couples without children; 32% were single-person households; 15% were groups of people flatting together. It is a conservation island, providing refuge for endangered species, much like Kapiti Island farther up the coast. [59], Wellington ranks 12th in the world for quality of living,[6] according to a 2014 study by consulting company Mercer; of cities in the Asia–Pacific region, Wellington ranked third behind Auckland and Sydney (as of 2014[update]). [14], In the Māori language, Wellington has three names. For this reason, the street named Lambton Quay is 100 to 200 metres (325 to 650 ft) from the harbour – plaques set into the footpath mark the shoreline in 1840, indicating the extent of reclamation. [114][115] There are a few iconic cafes that started the obsession with coffee that Wellington has. The legendary Maori explorer Kupe, a chief from Hawaiki (the homeland of Polynesian explorers, of unconfirmed geographical location, not to be confused with Hawaii), was said to have stayed in the harbour prior to 1000 CE. Combined, these five services carry 11.64 million passengers per year. View the garden. Wellington is covered by six general electorates: Hutt South, Mana, Ōhāriu, Rimutaka, Rongotai, and Wellington Central. It has very few open areas in which to expand, and this has brought about the development of the suburban towns. Wellington is home to many high-profile events and cultural celebrations, including the biennial New Zealand Festival of the Arts, biennial Wellington Jazz Festival, biennial Capital E National Arts Festival for Children and major events such as Brancott Estate World of Wearable Art, TEDxWellington, Cuba Street Carnival, Visa Wellington on a Plate, New Zealand Fringe Festival, New Zealand International Comedy Festival (also hosted in Auckland), Summer City, The Wellington Folk Festival[103] (in Wainuiomata), New Zealand Affordable Art Show, the New Zealand Sevens Weekend and Parade, Out In The Square, Vodafone Homegrown, the Couch Soup theatre festival, Camp A Low Hum and numerous film festivals.
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